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 Thomas-William & Henry-Albert Pierrepoint

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MessageSujet: Thomas-William & Henry-Albert Pierrepoint   Sam 16 Sep 2017 - 22:49

Thomas-William Pierrepoint



Albert Pierrepoint (standing) with his uncle and fellow executioner, Thomas Pierrepoint


Thomas-William Pierrepoint (1870 – 11 February 1954) was a British executioner from 1906 until 1946. He was the brother of Henry and uncle of Albert.[1]

Personal life

Pierrepoint was born in Sutton Bonington,[2] Nottinghamshire, in 1870,[3] the second child and eldest son of Thomas and Mary Pierrepoint. The Pierrepoint family were still living in Sutton Bonington at the time of the 1881 census,[4] but by the 1891 census they had moved to Clayton, near Bradford, Yorkshire, where Thomas and his father were employed as stone quarrymen.[5] He was married to Elizabeth Binns on 5 December 1891.[6]
By 1914, Pierrepoint had taken on a number of "sidelines",[7] including a carrier service founded by his brother,[7] a small farm, and an illegal bookmaking business.


Career

Thomas Pierrepoint began working as a hangman in 1906 under the influence of his brother, Henry. His career spanned 39 years, and ended in 1946, by which time he was in his mid-seventies. During this time, he is thought to have carried out 294 hangings,[8] 203 of which were civilians executed in England and Wales,[9] whilst the remainder were executions carried out abroad or upon military personnel. Among those he executed was the poisoner Frederick Seddon in 1912.

During World War II he was appointed as executioner by the US Military and was responsible for 13 out of 16 hangings of US soldiers at the Shepton Mallet military prison in Somerset. In this capacity, Pierrepoint carried out executions not only for murder but also rape which, at the time, was a capital crime under U.S. military law although not in British law. In most of these cases he was assisted by his nephew Albert who was, in turn, principal hangman for the remaining three executions.

In 1940, his medical fitness for the job was questioned by a Medical Officer who called him "unsecure" and doubted "whether his sight was good". The Prison Commission discreetly asked for reports on his performance during executions in the following time, but evidently found no reason to take action, although one report said that Thomas Pierrepoint had "smelled strongly of drink"[10] on two occasions when reporting at the prison. This, however, appears to clash with Thomas Pierrepoint's instruction to Albert (when the latter acted as his assistant) not to take a drink if on the job and never to accept the drink customarily given to all witnesses at executions in the Republic of Ireland.

Thomas never officially "retired", rather his name was removed from the list of executioners and invitations to conduct executions ceased to arrive. He died at his daughter's home in Bradford on 11 February 1954, aged 83.[11][12]


References

1 "A grisly family tradition". BBC Nottingham. 13 November 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2009.
2 Public Record Office. "Thomas W Pierepoint". FamilySearch. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Retrieved 6 July 2016. "England and Wales Census, 1871, Sutton Bonington, RG10, Piece 3259, Folio 92, Page 11."
3 "Birth Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 6 July 2016. "Sutton Bonington was one of the sub-districts of the Loughbro' Registration district."
4 1881 census: Sutton Bonington; RG11; Piece 3149; Folio 26; Page 3.
5 Public Record Office. "Thomas William Pierrepoint". FamilySearch. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Retrieved 6 July 2016. "England and Wales Census, 1891, Yorkshire (West Riding), Clayton, RG12, Piece 3646, Folio 38, Page 8."
6 West Yorkshire, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1813-1935 - Ancestry.co.uk
7 Pierrepoint, Albert (1974). Executioner: Pierrepoint. Kent: Eric Dobby Publishing. pp. 13, 16. ISBN 978 1858 820613.
8 Fielding 2008, pp. 288–294
9 Clark, Richard. "English Hangmen 1850 to 1964". Capital Punishment UK. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
10 Milmo, Cahal (31 May 2006). "Hangman 'nearly killed assistant by mistake'". The Independent. London. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
11 Fielding 2008, p. 257
12 "Death Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 6 July 2016.

https://wikivisually.com/wiki/Thomas_Pierrepoint

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"L’art est le cordon ombilical qui nous rattache au divin" - Nikolaus Harnoncourt


Dernière édition par Adelayde le Dim 17 Sep 2017 - 12:58, édité 2 fois
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MessageSujet: Henry-Albert Pierrepoint   Dim 17 Sep 2017 - 12:44

Henry-Albert Pierrepoint




Henry-Albert Pierrepoint (1878 – 14 December 1922) was a British executioner from 1901 until 1910. He was the father of Albert and brother of Thomas.[1]

Early life

Pierrepoint was born in Normanton on Soar,[2] Nottinghamshire, the fourth child and second son of Thomas and Mary Pierrepoint. By 1891, he and his family had moved to Clayton, near Bradford, where he was employed in a worsted mill.[3] Henry was unhappy working there, and so in 1893 his father arranged an apprenticeship for him at a large butchers in Bradford.[4] Three years later he left the apprenticeship and moved to Manchester where his sister Mary was one of the managers at a cabinet making firm.[4] Not long after this he met a local girl, Mary Buxton, and toward the end of 1898 they were married at St Anne's Church in Newton Heath, Manchester.[5][6][7]


Career as a hangman

In 1901, Henry was appointed to the list of executioners after repeatedly writing to the Home Office to offer his services. He participated in his first hanging on 19 November, as an assistant to James Billington.[8] Over the next few years, he worked primarily as an assistant to William and John Billington before becoming the principal executioner of Britain in 1905. In 1906, he carried out all eight hangings in the country.[9]

Pierrepoint later persuaded his elder brother Thomas to join the family business, and reputedly trained him in a stable with a rope and sacks of corn.[10] Later, an interview he gave, published in a local newspaper, inspired his son Albert to do the same.[11] In his nine-year term of office Henry carried out 105 executions. His career was finished when he arrived the day before an execution at Chelmsford Prison "considerably the worse for drink", and fought his assistant John Ellis. Ellis reported the incident to the Home Office which decided, after receiving confirmation by the warders' account of the matter, to strike Henry from the list of approved executioners.[12]

Henry was never officially "dismissed", but he was removed from the list of executioners and invitations to conduct executions ceased to arrive.

Throughout his career as an executioner, Pierrepoint occupied various other jobs, such as a position in Huddersfield gasworks,[11] to supplement the relatively low pay English hangmen received.

Henry had been suffering from a terminal illness for several years and died on 14 December 1922, aged 44,[13] although he was incorrectly registered as 48.[14]


References

1 A grisly family tradition. BBC Nottingham. Retrieved on 17 October 2009.
2 1881 Census: Sutton Bonington; RG11; Piece 3149; Folio 26; Page 3.
3 1891 Census: Clayton; RG12; Piece 3646; Folio 38; Page 8.
4 Fielding 2008, p. 3
5 "Marriage Index entry:Pierrepoint, Henry Albert". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
6 "Marriage Index entry:Buxton, Mary". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
7 Lancashire BMD - Marriages.
8 Fielding 2007, pp. 264
9 Fielding 2007, p. 266
10 "Daily Mail". Hangman sacked for drinking on the job reveals tricks of his trade as diaries go up for auction. 3 Nov 2008. Retrieved 7 Jul 2016.
11 Pierrepoint, Albert (1974). Executioner: Pierrepoint. Kent: Eric Dobby Publishing. pp. 22, 27, 37. ISBN 978 1858 820613.
12 Fielding 2008, pp. 96–98
13 Fielding 2008, p. 112
14 "Death Index entry:Pierrepoint, Henry A.". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 9 May 2011.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Pierrepoint

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